What is Oral Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral Maxillofacial SurgeryOral Maxillofacial Surgery is a surgical specialty which involves the diagnosis, surgery and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

More simply put, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the orthopedic surgeon of the facial region. He or she is an individual who addresses problems ranging from the removal of impacted teeth to the repair of facial trauma.

WHAT ARE SOME REASONS TO VISIT AN ORAL-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGEON?

Have teeth replaced by having dental implants inserted.
Have oral surgical procedures performed in the office under outpatient ambulatory anesthesia.
Have a jaw, oral, or facial cyst or tumor diagnosed, removed and reconstructed.
Have your jaw aligned with orthognathic surgery.
Have your jaw joint(s) repaired with TMJ surgery.
Have facial and jaw reconstruction following cancer surgery.
Have your facial bones realigned after facial trauma.
Have a consultation to determine whether you are a candidate for aesthetic surgery.
Have a tooth extracted.

WHAT IS APICAL RESECTION?

This is the surgical operation in which the root end infections of those teeth that can not be treated with root canal treatment or other routine treatments are curated by forming a small opening from the gingiva or bone through the lip or cheek.

WISDOM TEETH

These are teeth that are generally seen in the mouth between the ages 17 and 22 located at the end of the line of teeth and that are either pulled or let to remain in the mouth depending on the position and to the fact whether they are damaging the tissues or not. It is recommended to pull those that remain under the gingiva completely or partially as well as those inside the bones.

The problems that might be caused by wisdom teeth;

  • Formation of cyst around or in the root of the crown of the tooth that remains embedded
  • Pain due to inflammation in surrounding gingiva, limitation in mouth opening or abscess in futurePain due to inflammation in surrounding gingiva, limitation in mouth opening or abscess in future
  • Crowding due to pressure on anterior teeth
  • Swelling inside and outside the mouth
  • Malodor inside the mouth

It gets difficult to brush and clean wisdom teeth even if the person is taking care of his/her oral health due to the position of wisdom teeth. As a result, such teeth decay very easily. This is completely related to the position of the teeth. Moreover, the caries in such teeth also get in contact with the microorganisms in the molar tooth causing it to decay very easily too.

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