While both aesthetic surgery and plastic surgery deal with the improvement of the patient’s body, the general philosophies that guide education, research and goals towards patient outcomes are different. So what is plastic surgery? What diseases does it deal with?
What is Plastic Surgery?
Plastic surgery (plastic and reconstructive surgery) refers to any type of surgery performed to reconstruct or change the appearance of a body part or characteristic. Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involved in both the improvement of the person’s appearance and the reconstruction of facial and body tissue defects caused by disease, trauma or birth defects.
Aesthetic surgery can be broadly classified as reconstructive or cosmetic (aesthetic) surgery, depending on whether it is performed primarily to regain function or change physical appearance.
Reconstructive surgery is a treatment used to heal dysfunctional body parts (related to a disorder in the functioning of a structure or organ). It is used primarily to restore function, although it can also change the individual’s appearance. For example, it can be used to reattach limbs severed by trauma. Cosmetic plastic surgery procedures, techniques and principles are entirely focused on improving the patient’s appearance. Improving aesthetic appeal, symmetry and proportion are the main goals. An aesthetic surgery can be performed on the head, neck and every part of the body.
- Aesthetic and functional nose correction (Rhinoplasty, septorhinoplasty)
- Facial rejuvenation (Face lift–eyelid and mouth revisions, treatment of wrinkles)
- Endoscopic face-forehead lift, eyebrow lift
- Eyelid aesthetics (Blepharoplasty)
- Correction of other aesthetic problems in the prominent ear and auricle
- Chin enlargement and reduction operations (Mentoplasty),
- Removal of scars and irregularities in the skin,
- Hair transplantation – replacements
- Laser applications (facial peeling, removal of spots and vascular malformations)
- Aesthetic breast operations: Enlargement, reduction and lifting
- Operations to reduce excessive skin-subcutaneous adipose tissue (liposuction-lipectomy)
- Abdominal stretching (Abdominoplasty)
- Leg contour correction (with fat removal, injections or leg implants)
- Contour corrections with implants (prostheses applied to soft tissue) (such as hip and thigh implants, pectoral (breast) implants in men – leg implants)
- Skin treatments and interventions