Teeth are remarkably strong, but they can chip, crack (fracture) or break.
This can happen in several ways:
- Biting down on something hard
- Being hit in the face or mouth
- Having cavities that weaken the tooth
- Having large, old amalgam fillings that don’t support the remaining enamel of the tooth
When a tooth chips or breaks, it may not hurt. However, your tongue usually feels the sharp area quite quickly. Minor tooth fractures usually don’t cause pain, but if a large piece of the tooth breaks off, it can hurt. The nerve inside the tooth may be damaged. Extreme discomfort also can happen when nerve endings in the dentin are exposed to air, or to hot or cold foods or drinks.
Pain from a broken or cracked tooth may be constant or may come and go. Many people feel pain when they chew because chewing puts pressure on the tooth. If you have experienced a broken tooth, it’s not something to be taken lightly. It might seem like it’s just a cosmetic issue, but in fact, it could require significant repair that should not be ignored. If you don’t seek dental attention for it right away, you could increase the risk of permanent damage, which may require more extensive treatment down the road.
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU CHIP OR BREAK YOUR TOOTH?
If possible, save any pieces that you can from the tooth and immediately rinse your mouth and any pieces that you find. If there is bleeding, apply pressure to the area with gauze for about 10 minutes, or until the bleeding slows down. If you notice that the area is beginning to hurt or swell, apply ice or a cold compress. Then, call your dentist right away.
Children fall down or hit very frequently. As a result, they might face problems due to which they will be disturbed throughout their lives. Especially in case of sports such as boxing, football, basketball, skiing, cycling, surfing, skateboard, roller blades, etc. children are under risk. The silicon transparent mouth guard to be attached on the upper maxilla teeth will prevent tongue-lip biting and ruptures and protect the teeth by acting as a pillow.
As a result of impact;
If the anterior teeth are completely protruded: Put the teeth inside the milk, if this is not possible, keep it inside the mouth in saliva and consult the physician as soon as possible. Do not dry the teeth. The ideal application is to start treatment within 30 minutes. If conditions are suitable, your dentist will place the teeth and start necessary treatment.
If one or more of anterior teeth are broken: Try to find the broken pieces and consult your dentist. Keep the pieces humid in the meanwhile. Serum physiology, milk and even saliva is ideal for this purpose. Such pieces can be attached with very strong bonding agents.
If you can’t find the pieces: If the broken piece is too small, a white filling can be performed. If the fracture is too much, then laminated veneer or crowns can be an option for those older than 17 years of age. However, in case of younger children, such applications will not be suitable as they haven’t completed their maxilla and teeth development. It should be waited to complete the growth by restoring the broken part temporarily until the child grows up.
If there is no problem after the impact: There should be detailed examination by the dentist and x-ray images should be obtained. Even if there is no finding, the child should be kept under control against possible complications and x-ray images should be obtained at regular intervals.