Breast Surgery in Turkey
At the point where aesthetic surgeries developed with new technologies have come, breast aesthetics is among the most widely preferred surgical interventions today. Breast tissue may be deformed due to birth, breastfeeding, aging and developmental disorders. However, due to age, it may be deformed or congenitally too small or large. This may cause people to be unhappy with their physical appearance and even have self-confidence and psychological problems.
In addition, the satisfaction of a person’s physical characteristics is an important factor reflected in their psychological state in relation to creating a healthy body image. For this reason, personal preferences are considered as a criterion in the breast aesthetic operation to be performed. However, the realistic results that may occur after surgery should be shared with the patient by the plastic surgeon and the patient should be given a consciousness in this direction.
Breast surgery are performed by plastic surgeons who are experts in their field. Although the shape and proportion of the breast is not a standard measure, it is preferred that each body has its own breast type.
Breast reduction, breast reconstruction, breast lift and breast augmentation operations are among the most preferred surgical interventions these days with implants placed with incisions made under the natural folds under the breast; It is possible to perform breast shaping, remodeling, breast augmentation and breast lift. Thanks to the different shape and volume options of the implant models designed in round and drop shape, it is extremely easy to achieve the desired breast structure today.
What is Targeted with Breast Surgery?
The shape and weight of the breast according to the person’s weight, height, age and body ratio is controlled by two-dimensional and three-dimensional measurements. Based on this, it is aimed to correct the breast asymmetry, increase the volume with the implant technique, correct the external appearance of the breast, eliminate factors such as back and neck pain caused by breast size, posture disorder, and provide the appearance the person’s desires.
Fat injection indication and breast implants are among the choices to achieve these results. However, as the indication for fat injection has limited options, implants are among the more preferred surgical interventions.
Breast implants alone are the widely preferred method for breast augmentation and breast shaping. There are different varieties such as drop or round shape, rough or smooth surface. With these options, it is aimed for the person to achieve his dream look and to feel better. In addition, augmentation surgery is often preferred simultaneously with mastopexy, ie breast lift surgery.
When breast surgery are evaluated within the scope of oncoplastic surgery, it is aimed to improve the appearance of the breast in cases such as significant weight loss, developmental problems and breast cancer. In this direction, planned surgical interventions are applied in the most appropriate way to the patient’s physiology. Factors such as pregnancy, birth, breastfeeding and smoking in the person’s life affect the operation process and method. In this direction, the procedure is carried out with the aim of reshaping the breast according to the needs of the patient.
Who can have this surgery?
Breast surgery are applied to people who are not satisfied with their breast size, people who have fillers and loss of form in their breasts, people with breast symmetry problems, people with self-confidence problems due to the size of their breasts, and those who lose one or both of their breasts due to various diseases such as cancer.
In addition, it is inconvenient to have breast surgery during pregnancy and the necessary information should be given to the specialist doctor about this issue. In addition, breast surgery are not recommended for people who are breastfeeding after birth. Even if breast implants are not harmful for the health of the baby, it is recommended to be performed after the process is over in order not to affect the breastfeeding period and to make the surgery healthier.
People who want to have breast surgery are recommended to wait until the body development period is completed and make their decisions without hurrying. In addition, people who are considering losing weight are recommended to postpone breast aesthetics. Gain or loss weight can affect the appearance of the breast, even if it does not directly affect implants.
In Which Situtations The Breast Surgery Can Be Done?
Breast surgery are applied to people with breast hypertrophy, in order to correct breast asymmetry, such as insufficient breast development, breast sagging depending on weight and age, breast sagging after pregnancy, excessive growth and shrinkage of the breast, waist and breast disproportion. Although the age range of 18-50 is recommended, there is a situation of breast surgery for people under the age of 18, if it is approved by the family and if it causes psychological problems in the person.
Likewise, considering the health condition of the person and whether it is suitable for surgery, it may be possible to perform breast surgery for people over the age of 50, with the approval of the surgeon. In men, breast surgery are applied in cases where there is fat around the breast due to the irregular increase in estrogen and testosterone hormones, various diseases or malnutrition.
In surgical intervention, also known as gynecomastia, the liposuction method is applied to remove excess fat accumulated around the breast, and in this case, the problem of insecurity in people is eliminated.
What are the Types of Breast Surgery?
With breast aesthetics, it is aimed to give a more pleasant and beautiful image and to make the person feel better. Although it is not preferred for this, the method of fat injection indication or the more frequently preferred silicone implants are preferred.
Augmentation Mammoplasty (Breast Augmentation): It is performed in order to gain volume for breasts that are disproportionate to the body, shrinking due to age, in cases of sudden weight gain and loss, postpartum, developmental reasons. When determining the implant to be used to enlarge the breast; the breast structure of the patient, the shape of the rib cage, weight and body proportions are taken into consideration. In order to determine the physiological limit, the patient and the doctor decide on the shape and size of the implant. During the operation, the implant is tested for evaluation purposes and the best application is performed.
Reduction Mammoplasty (Breast Reduction): Weight gain, developmental reasons, some medications and various tumors can cause big breasts. Extremely big breasts can cause posture, neck and back pain. With the reduction mammoplasty operation, it is possible to create a lighter, healthier and aesthetic appearance by reducing the structure of the breast tissue and removing excess fat tissue.
Mastopexy (Breast Lifting): With the advancement of age, the body loses its elastic structure, hormonal reasons, after pregnancy and breastfeeding, and sudden weight loss causes breast sagging. The measurement is made by making a vertical incision around the nipple to the breast fold of the patient under examination. Breast lift is performed with the prosthesis placed under the breast.
Gynecomastia: It is known as breast reduction operation for men. Fat accumulating around the breast due to hormonal reasons and various diseases causes gynecomastia. Patients treated with liposuction method are sucked into the fatty tissue through a 2-3 mm tube under anesthesia.
What Are The Breast Surgery Techniques?
Although aesthetic operations are often performed for creating a beautiful image, they are also performed to eliminate various health problems. They are the preferred surgical interventions to repair deformed parts of the body. The breast, which is seen as one of the symbols of fertility and sexuality among the people; has a great role in spiritual, physical and aesthetic aspects. It is important to conclude the surgical intervention, which will be preferred in breast aesthetics, with the least damage.
Various shapes, sizes and filling materials are selected according to the needs and wishes of the person. The implant is placed under or above the muscle by cutting the natural fold under the breast. This method ensures that the breast looks best in the body.
The application prevents the scars caused by the surgery to be seen at first glance. This method can also be done through an incision made from the nipple or armpit. However, the incision made under the breast is more preferred because it is a method that makes the breast less deformed.
What is the Surgery and Recovery Process?
As with all surgical interventions, the selection of a specialist doctor is of great importance for breast aesthetic operations. Surgery performed in hospital conditions is performed under general anesthesia.
The operation time varies between 2.5-3 hours. Although the method used in the surgery is designed to create the least deformation, there may be scars on the nipples, but these scars heal over time and become less visible.
Although it varies from person to person, it is seen that the scars, swelling, tingling and burning sensations gradually disappear within 2-6 weeksA bandage is wrapped in the area where the surgery is applied and a corset is put on the patient. Although each surgery has its own risks, pain and edema in the breast area are common. In age-related risk situations, radiological examinations such as mammography and ultrasonography should be performed before surgery. The prosthesis placed behind the breast muscle can restrict the person’s movements compared to before the surgery.
Although it varies depending on whether postoperative complications occur or not, as a standard, the possible pain of patients who are discharged from the hospital within 2-5 days can be relieved with medication. Drains that can be placed to prevent fluid accumulation in the body during the surgery are removed in the first week after the operation. Stitches are removed within 7-10 days.
In breast lift surgeries such as mastopexy, although the recovery period may take to 6 weeks, this period may be shorter in prosthetic surgeries. You can get information about when to return to exercise and daily routines by talking to your surgeon. However, it is recommended to avoid heavy exercise for 3-6 weeks according to the general procedure.
Postoperative measures such as proper nutrition, quitting smoking and alcohol use are effective in shortening the healing process. Maintaining the ideal weight and continuing to exercise ensures the long-term preservation of the result obtained with the surgery.